Table of Contents
1.0 Chapter one 3
1.1 Introduction 3
1.1.1 The Setting of the Novel 3
2.0 Chapter two 4
2.1 Analysis of the novel 4
2.1.2 The Analysis of the Genre used 4
2.1.3 Use of Repetition 5
2.1.4 The plot of the Novel 5
2.1.5 Use of Rhymes 6
2.1.6 The Tone used in the novel 7
2.1.7 The analysis of the title of the novel 7
3.0 Chapter three 9
3.1 Conclusion 9
The God of Small Things
1.0 Chapter one
1.1.1 The Setting of the Novel
The God of Small Things revolves around various themes that are used to build the body of the novel. The characters in the book exhibit complex relationship regarding their social behavior. For example, Baby Kochama can be analyzed as a character with a very negative behavior. Her social behavior leads to betrayal to the family. Vellya Paapen, on the other hand, chooses to sacrifice his love for the family and decides to serve the community. Based on these two examples, we can see that the author is trying to bring in the concept of the family and social obligation into play.
Roy has also addressed the nature of Indian politics and various social classes that exist within the community. The introduction of the Marxist system in 1969 led to massive changes in the way people used to live before during the caste system. The introduction of the Marxist system creates a sense of imbalance in the classes that were ruled by landlords and laborers. The effects of the system are reflected through the characters of Velutha, Chacko, and Comrade Pillai. Even after the end of the caste system, the writer goes ahead to tell that some people still practice some rules under the system. This is explained through the use of "Love Laws" which were used to create a distinction between the Touchables and Untouchables in the society.
The issue of love and sexuality is also addressed in the Roy's book. The theme takes different dimensions about the weight it carries in the set text. There is the strong relationship between Estha and Rahel. But something different builds up when Rael fails to list Estha as one of her best friends. The theme of love and sexuality takes a further negative direction when Mammachi is thoroughly beaten by her husband and the way Estha is being molested by the Orangedrink Lemondrink Man. The theme is put to rest when Estha is reunited to Rahel.
2.0 Chapter two
2.1 Analysis of the novel
The Narrative Structure
The author of the book came up with a very challenging feature of writing the novel. The way events are taking place is not corresponding with the time right from the beginning to the end of the story. Instead, the writer jumps back and forth using stylistic devices such as flashbacks and flash-forwards to write the novel. The information on each character is given in pieces or section. This technique has enabled the author to give a wider information about almost all the characters in the novel. For example, the way Rahel's childhood and adulthood story is being addressed forms part of the narrative structure of the book. Another reason as to why the author could have taken this direction is to ensure that the reader gets familiarized with the themes which the author is trying to put across.
2.1.2 The Analysis of the Genre used
A larger proportion of the story in The God of Small Things focuses on the family of Rahel and Estha. The story of their past is traced by use of flashbacks up to the time of their great-grand parents. The primary focus of the conflict is centered on Sophie Mol, who is the cousin to Rahel and Estha. Though this, we can say that the story kind of drama. The drama is further explained by the way the family reacts especially after Sophie Mol passes away. The way the family gives the matter a lot of weights depicts the way the family is much committed.
The writer of the novel has decided to use literary fiction in the course of writing to supplement the family drama experienced. The use of fiction insists more on stylistic devices and characteristics of the characters in the novel. The writer has also used the tragedy to explain the events of the death of Sophie Mol.
2.1.3 Use of Repetition
The use repetition as a stylistic device has been experienced in the text. Various evidence has been highlighted to depict this. The repetitive nature of events has been categorized into three classes. The first form is where repetition is experienced in short sequence. The second type involves where repetition is where the author introduces a new concept in the course of writing in one sentence and then keeps on repeating the idea on the following page or sentence afterward. The final form is where we see the author uses same sound or a particular word in a single sentence. The arrival of Sophie Mol has been used to show how repetition is being utilized in The God of Small Things. Massive preparations are made right from the time when the family decides to go to the airport to receive her. The children are eager to see her. This is clear on p.136 where we are being told that "The rehearsals had been rehearsed." It is the sounds from this statement that forms part of the repetition. This is critical as it shows how much the family had been prepared to receive her. The use of repetition as one of the stylistic device is used to emphasize the message being passed across. Mair (2010, p.894) contributes to this by stating that repetition as a stylistic device is used to put the text being communicated together.
2.1.4 The plot of the Novel
The way an author arranges his or her work is very crucial in determining the plot of the story being told. Roy has organized her plot in such a way the plot meets all the qualification of a compelling novel. Arranging the events in sequential order, we realize the writer is coming up with a situation, conflict, complication, climax, suspense, denouement, and conclusion. Klems (2014, par 5) analyses seven qualities that an effective fictional story has to look real in the eyes of the reader. The example of such qualities include high level originality, proper emotional focus among others.
The initial situation is created where the family drives to the airport to pick up Kochamma from the airport. Conflict arises when Estha is molested and Ammu insults by Rahel. The way Rahel is convinced that Ammu doesn't love her creates complication in their relationship. The climax is achieved when Sophie Mol dies, and suspense is achieved when Baby Kochamma goes to Inspector Thomas Mathew and asks to see Rahel and Estha. The denouement is formed when Rahel bids Estha goodbye at the station. The writer finishes by coming up with a conclusion when Estha and Rahel meet 23 years later at the time when Estha is sent by Baba back to Ayemenem. "It had been quiet in Estha's head until Rahel came" (chapter 1, p.92)
2.1.5 Use of Rhymes
Roy has used rhymes to describe the complexity of the information and events that she is trying to pass across to the audience. For instance, we are being told that there were 31 twins and Amu died at the age of 31. Rhyme is also evidenced where the writer says "Not Old. Not Young. But a viable die-able age" (Chapter 1, p. 18-20). Rhyme is a stylistic style that is used to express the short and the long patterns through the unstressed and stressed syllable. The style is used to show the seriousness or the lightness of the matter. It is used as a source where we can derive other stylistic devices such as imagery. The musicality behind the phrases being used is the one that is used to come up with a framework of the novel. To the audience or the readers, the style is used to pre-empt to them on what to expect. Caffrey (2013, par.3) states that rhythm in any artistic work of literature is used to ensure that the overall flow of ideas being addressed remains as natural as possible. It helps to reduce the element of reading the text in a continuous manner without a flow. From the above explanation, it can be explained that the stylistic device of rhyme is critical to any artistic works such as poems and novels.
2.1.6 The Tone used in the novel
Tone refers to a general feeling or the attitude of the writer towards the audience or particular topic that is under discussion. We can identify the tone in the text based on the choice of words the author uses to express his or her feeling towards a particular matter or subject. To adequately identify the tone, we must look at the choice of words being used. After assessing the selection of words then determine the abstract and concrete words. From there we can see the details of the story. Every written document has the theme. The theme is the one that can be used to identify the tone if it is formal or informal, serious or comic, sad or sarcastic. In the novel, for instance, the way the author describes the life of Estha and Raphel comes with a tone. She describes them back in 1969 when they were still in childhood stage. Here, we can say that the mood used here is childish. Also, the two have been describing in their adulthood stage in 1993. The tone that the author is using to describe the two in their childhood is maturity. The tone being used is identified based on the way Roy keeps on taking us back and forth in the novel.
2.1.7 The analysis of the title of the novel
Most readers' attention and need to read a particular set text or poem is normally pegged on the title of the book. It is the title that creates the first impression to the reader. Therefore, coming to a best for any writing forms a vital part of the book when it comes to the decision of the reader whether to buy the book or not. Writer's Digest (2009, par.5) has come up with ways of setting the best title for any novel. The tips include the following;
Typing the phrase of the novel in any internet source like Google or Amazon.com to see whether such title as yours exists. This will help to curtail the chances of having a duplicate title.
One can come up with a list of different titles that will assist in coming with one best title to dwell on.
Focusing on one's point of view and coming with a suitable topic won't do any harm too. The title should reflect what is being discussed in the novel.
The writer should also avoid sabotaging the plot of the story with the title. The tone depicted in the plot should also be reflected in the title. In short, the title should reflect the story.
Ability to craft the meaning of the title is also vital. Based on research, most readers of the books judge the title of the novel about two scenarios. The first scenario is before reading the book and the second scenario is after reading the book. A good story should be in such a way that it continues to build the title as it progresses. Joel (2011, par.2) also identifies seven qualities of an interesting book title such as the title addressing what is in the book and focusing on prime areas in the book.
In The God of Small Things, the title is a bit technical. Shmoop Editorial Team (2008, par.1) has analysed the title based on the way the character of Velutha. At first we tend to ask ourselves that who is this God of Small Things. But as we continue to read the story, we are convinced that the God of Small Things represents Velutha. This is revealed in the dream of Ammu, which occurs in Chapter 11. She dreams of a man with one hand who is holding her close. Ammu admires Velutha, but the society where they both live cannot allow them to be together. The title is further expressed towards the end of the novel where we learn about the romantic encounter between Ammu and Velutha. They don't dream or expect any big things in future because their relationship won't be allowed or accepted in the real world. Even later, on the thirteen nights that followed this one, instinctively they stuck to the Small Things. The Big Things ever lurked inside. They knew that there was nowhere for them to go. They had nothing. No future. So they stuck to the small things (chapter 21. P. 68).
Because of this, they choose not to talk about their relationship. From the above explanation, we can be to say that we have come up with first meaning of the title.
He could only do one thing at a time. If he held her, couldn't kiss her. If he kissed her, he couldn't see her. If he saw her, he couldn't feel her. (chapter 11. P. 5-6)
The second meaning of the title can be found if we analyze the book in another way. We understand that it is the few small things that contribute to the occurrence of a bigger thing. From the novel, the death of Mol might have been brought about by many contributing factors. The decision of Margaret to abandon the parents' home to see Chacko, the signing in the lobby by Estha is the one that leads to her molestation. It is the small things that contribute to Estha and Rael leaving home. This decision makes Sophie Mol to follow them. This further leads to the death of Sophie Mol and Velutha.
3.0 Chapter three
To conclude, the author of the novel has employed quite some techniques such as compensation and repetition to make sure that the message being passed across is submitted efficiently. The title of the book has met all qualities of a good title making the novel be among the most liked literature piece.
Caffrey Angelique. 2013. Importance of Rhythm and Flow.
Joel. 2011. 7 Qualities of an Engaging Book Title.
Klems Brian. 2014. “The Seven Qualities of High-Concept Stories”.
Mair, Victor H. 2010. The Columbia history of Chinese literature. New York: Columbia University Press. http//site.ebrary.com/id/10546939.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "The God of Small Things What's Up With the Title?". Shmoop University, Inc. Last modified November 11, 2008. Accessed November 22, 2015.
Writer's Digest. 2009. 7 Tips to Land The Perfect Title for Your Novel.